This is fairly common and results from general wear and tear and aging or secondary to trauma ie post traumatic.
Typically patients present with pain, swelling and stiffness. Sometimes the wrist feels weak and the patient struggles to carry heavy objects or load the wrist.
Treatment depends on severity of disease. In mild cases simple lifestyle modification and analgesia is all that is required.
Other options are:
Denervation – ablation of nerves that supply pain to the wrist
Proximal Row Carpectomy – removal of the first row of bones in wrist.
Limited Fusion – partial fusion of some of the bones in wrist
Total Wrist Fusion – Fusion of all wrist bones. You would have no wrist flexion or extension but rotation is unaffected. The hand (not the wrist) will move as usual.
This is an excellent operation in the right patient and is very effective at eliminating pain. Heavy manual workers are able to continue working after this procedure.
Total Wrist Arthroplasty – can be effective in relatively lower demand patients
The type of treatment depends on the severity of disease. Your surgeon will discuss all suitable options with you.